Sunday, November 29, 2020
   
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Diet

hraneneBears are predators by nature, vegetarians by preference and omnivorous by necessity. About 75 percent of their diet is strictly plant: ripe forest fruits, berries, plums, beech acorns, seeds, mushrooms, roots, polipody, corn, even grass.

A bear’s menu varies from one season to another, depending on what would require minimal effort on the part of the animal. A thorough scavenger, it gathers and eats anything it can lay its paws on. In autumn, when there is abundant food, the bear is in a feeding frenzy, reaching its maximum body weight and stockpiling energy that would allow it to spend the winter hibernating, without food.

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Way of life

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The bear’s favorite areas offer plentiful food, secure shelter and comfortable wintering spots. Thick beech and oak forests, in combination with rock faces offering good dens, boast the highest density of the country’s bear population.

A bear needs about 10-15 kilos of food every day, so the size of its range depends on the availability of food and the presence of other bears in the vicinity. In food-rich forests, a bear roams some 50 to 100 km², while in poor areas it would need to cover 10 times as much ground to subsist. Females have more limited ranges, because they cannot stray far from the lair when they have cubs.

In the wild, a bear rarely lives for more than 25-30 years before disease, other predators or humans catch up with it.

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